The Beijing Horticulture Society listed 25 parks and gardens, including the Summer Palace and Beihai Park, as the “historical gardens”. The meaning of historical gardens is that places had an important role in the development of Beijing and its surrounds.
Here is a full list of the 25 “historical gardens”:
The Summer Palace – The most famous gardens lay within the Summer Palace built as a luxurious getaway for the royal families to rest and entertain.
Beihai Park – Is one of the oldest imperial and largest gardens in China.
Jingshan Park – Is the highest point in Beijing! Its situated in the city centre and you can reach it by taking north exit from the Forbidden City.
Tiantan Park or Temple of Heaven served Ming and Qing Dynasty emperors as a vast sacred space to perform ceremonial rites and its more it’s more than just an incredible piece of history and architecture.
Xiangshan Park – Located northeast of Beijing’s city center, Xiangshan Park is home to “Fragrant Hill,” a scenic spot famous for its vistas, especially in the fall.
The Old Summer Palace – was a complex of palaces and gardens in Beijing and its known for its extensive collection of garden and building architectures
Beijing Working People’s Culture Palace – It is the most complete and best preserved imperial ancestor sacrifice temple. It’s a part of Forbidden City.
Ritan Park – One of Beijing’s oldest parks which was built for ritual sun sacrifice in 1530
Yuetan Park – it is one of the classic gardens in the capital and also belongs to one of the famous Five Altars and Eight Temples in Beijing.
Ditan Park – Ditan means Temple of the Earth, and it was here that emperors would make sacrifices to please the earth gods.
Zhongshan Park – is a former imperial garden and now a public park which houses numerous pavilions, gardens, and imperial temples such as the Altar of Earth and Harvests or Altar of Land and Grain which was built in 1421 by the Yongle Emperor.
Eight Sites Park or Badachu Park – refers to the eight Buddhist temples and monasteries scattered across Cuiwei, Pingpo and Lushi hills in Beijing.
Garden of Palace of Peace and Longevity – Construction of the palace began on the Qianlong Emperor’s orders in 1771, in preparation for his retirement, although Qianlong never moved into the palace.
Imperial Garden of the Forbidden City – Constructed during the Ming dynasty in 1417, it is rectangular in shape and covers approximately 12,000 square meters. This was a private retreat for the imperial family and is the most typical of the Chinese imperial garden design
Prince Gong’s Residence Garden – It consists of large mansions and gardens. It is named after Prince Gong, a Manchu prince and influential statesman of the late Qing dynasty.
Prince of Chun’s Residence Garden – also known as the Northern Mansion was the lavish residence of Prince Chun.
Shuchun Garden – the marble boat from the Summer Palace once belonged to Shuchun Yuan (Shuchun garden), the private garden of He Shen, a Qing Dynasty prime minister.
Beijing Zoo – The zoo was founded in 1906 during the late Qing Dynasty. Like many of Beijing’s parks, the zoo’s grounds resemble classical Chinese gardens, with flower beds amidst natural scenery, including dense groves of trees, stretches of meadows, small streams and rivers, lotus pools and hills dotted with pavilions and historical buildings.
Beijing Botanical Garden – Beijing Botanical Garden was established in 1955 and it covers an area of 564,000 square metres. the highlight of the gardens is the hothouse where you can see various members of the palm family, tropical aquatic plants and commercial plants
Lianhuachi Park – The park was built on the site of a place of historical interest-the Lotus Pond which is regarded as the birthplace of the city of Beijing,
Shichahai Park – This area consist of three lakes: Qianhai (Front Lake), Houhai (Rear Lake) and Xihai (West Lake).
Taoranting Park – while most of Beijing’s gardens were reserved only for imperial families during the Qing Dynasty, this park was place for literati to meet.
Yuyuantan Park – is a huge open space west of Tiananmen Square at the southern end of the Sanlihe Road. Visitors can catch a boat here to the Summer Palace.
Zizhuyuan Park also known as Purple Bamboo Park and consist of three connecting lakes.
If you planning to travel to China and visit any of 27 gardens in Beijing please email us for more information at firstname.lastname@example.org. You can call us on 020 7487 2999 or visit our site at www.chinaholidays.co.uk